Problem

The following compound is a component of the fragrance of jasmine: From whi...

The following compound is a component of the fragrance of jasmine:

From which carbonyl-containing compound and alcohol is this compound derived?

Step-by-Step Solution

Solution 1

The name and structure of the following compound is

This is acetal molecule that means two alkoxy groups are attached to one carbon atom. It is obtained by the reaction of a carbonyl group of aldehyde or ketone with alcohol gives a hemiacetal. This hemiacetal, upon further reaction with alcohol, gives acetal and water. These are addition reactions and are reversible.

The component of the fragrance of jasmine (4-phenyl-1, 3-dioxolane) is obtained by the reaction of formaldehyde with 1-phenylethane-1, 2-diol as follows:

Hence, the carbonyl containing compound is formaldehyde and alcohol is 1-phenyl-1, 2-diol.

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