Country XYZ has the following Aggregate Demand Equation:
Y = C + I + G
C = 1,500 + 0.75Y
I = 2,500
G = 6,000
a) Calculate equalibrium Y
b) What is the value of Consumption?
c) What is the value of Marginal Propensity to Consume?
Part a)
Y = C + I + G
Y = 1,500 + 0.75Y + 2,500 + 6,000
0.25Y =10000
Y=10000/0.25 = 40000
Part b)
C = 1,500 + 0.75Y
C = 1,500 + 0.75 x 40000
C = 1,500 + 30000
C = 31,500
Part C)
Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) is the change in consumption due to a change in income. To find the same we need to use differentiation formula:
So for every unit of change in Y, C changes by 0.75Y
We can verify the same by substituting a few values:
Y | 0 | 10 | 30 | 80 |
C | 1500+0.75 x 0 = 1500 | 1500+0.75 x10=1507.5 | 1500+0.75x30=1522.5 | 1500+0.75x80=1560 |
Change in Y | 10-0=10 | 30-10=20 | 80-30=50 | |
Change in C |
0.75 x 10 = 7.5 or 1507.5-1500=7.5 |
0.75x20= 15 or 1522.5-1507.5=15 |
0.75 x 50=37.5 or 1560-1522.5=37.5 |
Country XYZ has the following Aggregate Demand Equation: Y = C + I + G C...
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