After reading the exceprt from Hardin's essay, discuss the following questions with your class

After reading the excerpt from Hardins essay, discuss the following questions with your class 1. What is Garret Hardin most
5. What are some of the po Some of the possible solutions he suggests for the problems faced by Americas Nation ed by Americ

ne Tragedy of the Commons - an essay by Garrett Hardin, 1968 Read the following excerpt from the famous essay by ecologist Ga
world that is limited. Ruin is the destination toward which all men rush, each pursuing his own best interest in a society th
some as before. The rational man finds that his share of the cost of the wastes ne discharges into the commons is less than t
0 0
Add a comment Improve this question Transcribed image text
Answer #1

1. Hardin is most concerned about the philosophy "freedom in the commons". He believes that this is the root of the tragedy- the reason of the ruin of the commons. Each individual is only concerned with self maximization and ignores the consequences of his decisions on the other individuals. In a world with limited capacity, each individual is trying to maximize his gains in an unlimted fashion in a "commons" setting.

2. The Commons can best be defined as a resource which is open to all, without limit. In such a setting, all the benefits are privately accrued while the costs are shared among the people which makes the private benefit much higher than the private cost to an individual. This leads to over utilization of resources because a commons is a resource that is not regulated and can be accessed by all

3. The individuals overusing the commons are comparing private benefits to private costs. However, they fail to take into account the social cost of their decisions and thus, indulge in over utilizing the resource. This is a classic case of individual rationality versus collective rationality. A decision that is beneficial at the individual level gives a poorer social or collective outcome because people are ignoring the negative externalities arising from their private decisions.

4. Apart from common pastures, Hardin classifies the pollution problem as a case of tragedy of commons (air and water). Oceans and national parks are other resources he classifies as commons.

Add a comment
Know the answer?
Add Answer to:
After reading the exceprt from Hardin's essay, discuss the following questions with your class After reading...
Your Answer:

Post as a guest

Your Name:

What's your source?

Earn Coins

Coins can be redeemed for fabulous gifts.

Not the answer you're looking for? Ask your own homework help question. Our experts will answer your question WITHIN MINUTES for Free.
Similar Homework Help Questions
Free Homework Help App
Download From Google Play
Scan Your Homework
to Get Instant Free Answers
Need Online Homework Help?
Ask a Question
Get Answers For Free
Most questions answered within 3 hours.