The Sun is 1 AU from the earth and has a surface temperature of ~5800K.
a) what is the heat flux from the surface of the sun? What is the heat flux from the sun that arrives to the earth?
The Sun is 1 AU from the earth and has a surface temperature of ~5800K. a)...
The semimajor axis of Mars orbit is about 1.52 astronomical units (au), where an au is the Earth's average distance from the Sun, meaning the semimajor axis of Earth's orbit is 1 au. To go from Earth to Mars and use the least energy from rocket fuel, the orbit has a semimajor axis of 1.26 au and an eccentricity of about 0.21. Starting at Earth's orbit, to follow this path we give the spacecraft an orbital velocity of 40 km/s. ...
The surface temperature of the sun is about 5800 K. The radii of the earth and the sun are 6.40x106 m and 6.95x108 m, respectively. The earth is 1.49x1011 m from the sun. Calculate the blackbody temperature of the earth assuming the earth is in steady state with the power absorbed versus power emitted.
Calculate the average power that the surface of Earth facing the Sun receives from the Sun. Assuming that the Earth is a blackbody and radiates the same amount of power that it absorbs from the Sun, calculate the average surface temperature of the Earth. Does your answer make sense compared to your experience? The Sun’s surface temperature is 5800 K, its radius is 6.96x108 m, the distance between Earth and the Sun is 1.5x1011 m, and the radius of the...
Earth and Mars are 1.0 AU and 1.52 AU away from the Sun, respectively. Given that the period of Earth's orbit around the Sun is 1 yr, calculate the period of the orbit of Mars around the Sun. (1 AU = 150 × 106 km) a. 0.28 yr b. 1.9 yr c. 0.53 yr
The surface of the sun has a temperature of about 5800K and consists largely of hydrogen atoms. Find the rms speed of a hydrogen atom at this temperature. (The mass of a single hydrogen atom is 1.67×10−27kg.) The escape speed for a particle to leave the gravitational influence of the sun is given by (2GM/R)1/2, where M is the sun's mass, R its radius, and G the gravitational constant. The sun`s mass is M=1.99×1030kg, its radius R=6.96×108mand G=6.673×10−11N⋅m2/kg2. Calculate the...
The average Earth-Sun distance is 1.00 astronomical unit (AU). At how many AUs from the Sun is the intensity of sunlight 1/81 the intensity at the Earth? AU
The surface of the Sun is approximately 5, 500 K, and the temperature of the Earth's surface is approximately 291 K. What entropy change occurs when 6,000 J of energy is transferred by heat from the Sun to the Earth?
1. The "surface" of the Sun is not sharp boundaries like the surface of the Earth. Most of the radiation that the Sun emits is in thermal equilibrium with the hot gases that make up the Sun's outer layers. Without too much error, we can treat sunlight as blackbody radiation. The total power radiated by the Sun is 3.87×1026W. Given the radius of the Sun is 6.96×108m, what is the surface temperature of the Sun? Suppose the temperature of the...
The average distance from the Earth to the Sun is defined as one "astronomical unit" (AU). An asteroid orbits the Sun in one-third of a year. What is the asteroids average distance from the Sun? 0.19 AU 0.43 AU o 21 AU 5.2 AU Many comets orbit the Sun in highly elliptical orbits. What happens over time to the comet's angular momentum? It continually increases. It continually decreases. It remains constant It increases during some parts of the orbit and...
The surface of the Sun has a temperature of 5500 ∘C. Treat the sun as a perfect blackbody with an emissivity of 1.0 and a radius of 7.0*10^8 m. Given; the temperature of space is 3.0K and the power that it takes for the sun to radiate into space is 3.9 * 10^26 W. The solar constant is the number of watts of sunlight power falling on a square meter of the Earth's upper atmosphere. Calculate the solar constant given...